University of Nicosia – the largest university in Cyprus

Cyprus officially the Republic of Cyprus  is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third larges and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of  Lebanon, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.

 

Climate & weather

Climate
Cyprus enjoys an intense Mediterranean climate, with long dry summers from mid–May to mid–October, and mild winters from December to February, which are separated by short autumn and spring seasons.

Summer is a season of high temperatures with cloudless skies, but the sea breeze creates a pleasant atmosphere in the coastal areas. Isolated thunder showers are possible mainly over the mountains during early afternoons.

Winters are mild with rain and snow on Troodos Mountains (usually starting before Christmas).

The island enjoys abundant sunshine, and even in December and January, there is an average of six hours of bright sunshine per day, whilst over the six ‘summer’ months, there is an average of 11.5 hours of bright sunshine per day.

Temperatures and Weather Conditions
Daily temperatures during the hottest months of July and August range between 30° C on the central plain, and 24° C on the Troodos Mountains. The average maximum temperatures for these two months range between 38° C and 27° C. In January, the coolest month, the indicative daily temperature is 10° C on the central plain, and 3° C on the higher parts of the Troodos Mountains, while the average minimum temperatures are 5° C and 0° C.

Sea Temperatures
The temperature in the open sea hovers above 22° C from June to November, climbing to 27° C in August. Even during the three coolest months of January to March, average sea temperature are an acceptable 16° or 17° C. Near the coast, the temperature of water three or four metres deep is similar to that of the open sea, ranging from 15° to 17°C in February and from 23° to 28° C in August. There are no significant daily fluctuations in sea water temperatures, except in very shallow waters less than one metre deep.

Air Humidity
During the days in winter – and at night throughout the year – humidity ranges from average to slightly low (65% – 95%). During summer it is very low near midday, ranging from 15% to 30% on the central plain. Fog is rare and typically occurs in early morning.

Winds
Winds over the island are relatively variable in direction and strength, depending on the elevation of the land and local temperatures.

Clothing and Activities
General information and suggestions on what to wear and do, according to the season, are provided below.

April-May
Days are pleasantly warm during this period, but can get a slightly chilly at nights. This is an excellent season for those who prefer to enjoy nature, as the countryside is green and flowers are in bloom.
The clothing advised is:
– Medium-weight and summer apparel.
– Light woollies or long-sleeved cotton for the evenings.

June-July-August
The warmest months of summer that are Ideal for swimming and all beach/water activities.
The clothing advised is:
Very lightweight summer clothing.

September-October
This season is characterized by warm days and cool October evenings. Swimming, sunbathing and watersports are still at their best during this period.
The clothing advised is:
– Lightweight apparel for the day.
– Medium-weight apparel for the evenings in October.

November
This month has pleasantly warm days and cool evenings. Lunch in the open–air can still be enjoyed, and even sunbathing and swimming can too, along with most outdoor sports. The weather is ideal for autumn travel.
The clothing advised is:
– Medium-weight apparel.
– Light Woollies.

December-January
These are the winter months for Cypriots, but can be considered as autumn by foreign visitors. It may rain occasionally, yet the promise of glorious sunshine is still there. Outdoor activities and excursions can still be enjoyed.
The clothing advised is:
Winter clothing, but heavy coats are not required.

February
The weather is changeable, with the possibility of warm days and occasional rain. Whilst temperatures are the harbingers of spring, it can be quite cold in the evenings. Almond trees are in bloom and conditions are ideal for snow skiing on the Troodos mountain range.
The clothing advised is:
Winter apparel.

March
The weather is moderate, with plenty of sunshine and nature at its best. Most outdoor activities can be enjoyed, and March is an excellent period for long country walks.
The clothing advised is:
Winter apparel with medium–weight wear.

Languages & Religions

Languages
The official languages of the island are Greek and Turkish, whilst English is widely spoken. French, German and Russian are also spoken within the tourism industry.

Religion
Cyprus enjoys an exceedingly high level of freedom of worship. While the majority of Greek-Cypriots are Greek Orthodox Christians, other denominations are represented on the island, including Armenians, Maronites and Roman Catholics. The Turkish-Cypriot community is predominantly Muslim.

Currency

Currency
On January 01, 2008, the Republic of Cyprus introduced the Euro (€) as its official currency.

Health & Safety

Safety in Cyprus
Cyprus has an excellent reputation for being a safe and friendly place. You can help keep it that way. A few basic precautions can be enough to protect your belongings.

Food Safety and Drinking Water Quality
The safety of food and drinking water quality in Cyprus is monitored by the Health Inspectors of the Medical and Public Health Services of the Ministry of Health and the Local Authorities.

Food and drinking water are of high quality, absolutely safe and no food or water-borne diseases occur.

Cyprus is also free from dangerous infectious diseases. There are no vaccination requirements for any international travellers.

Climate-climatic conditions in Cyprus can be termed as excellent from a health point of view. Therefore, the climate is ideal for holiday travellers throughout the year.

 

Transportation

Bus Service Facilities

There are four types of bus service in Cyprus:
– Airport Transfer Buses:  linking all the towns to the island’s two airports of Larnaka (Larnaca) and Pafos (Paphos).
– Interurban buses:  linking all major towns on a daily basis, and with frequent routes.
– Urban buses:  linking different areas within the towns and operating frequently during daytime. In certain tourist areas, during the summer period, their routes are extended till late in the evening.
– Rural buses:  linking almost all villages with the nearest town, but with limited frequency.

 

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